my research on “triangle”

I based my research on architecture, structures, housing, habitats.
My research follows a chronological order.

Starting in 6000BC in Europe.
These 6 villages are located on a high sandy terrace of the Danube River, on the Serbian bank of Iron Gates Gorge. It could be considered as the birth of town planning.
They were investigated in 1960-70 as a result of the construction of a hydroelectric dam.
The houses were constructed and used for different purposes, but always following a traditional architectural standard.

Around 2600BC in Africa.
The “Red Pyramid” or “North Pyramid” at Dashur Necropolis. At the time of its completion it was the tallest man made structure (104m height). Followed by the “Great Pyramid of Giza” 2560BC, built as a tomb for the fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh: Khufu. It was built to endure an eternity, as the Pharaohs were expected to become Gods after life. The pyramids display wealth and control.

Pyramids were built later on in America, by the Mayas’ and Aztecs. They were kind of stepping stones to reach the temples.

16-19th Century AD North America.
Tipi’s (tipi= they dwell), a conical tent traditionally made of animal skins and wooden poles. Known as a “wigwam” which means a domed structure. They are durable, warm, comfortable, dry, and cool when its hot. They are easy and quick to move, they are portable which is essential because the native americans had a nomadic life style.

Buckminster Fuller 1928.
Fuller wanted to improve human shelter construction. He wanted to make it more comfortable, efficient, & economically available to a greater number of people. He was inspired by the “natural system of humans and treas, with a central stem/ backbone, utilizing gravity instead of opposing it, which results in a construction similar to an airplane, light, taut, and profoundly strong.”. He based his grids on a triangle because “the difference in strength between a rectangle and a triangle would be to apply pressure to both, the rectangle would fold up and be unstable, the triangle withstands the pressure and is much more rigid.”.

This is where the concept of “doing more with less” comes in. If a spherical structure was created from triangles, it would have un paralleled strength. Fuller is known for his Geodesic Dome, known as an energestic structure.

Louis Kahn 1950s.
“When you want to give something presence, you have to give something nature and this is where design comes in. If you think of a brick for instance, you say to brick ‘what do you want brick?’ and brick says to you ‘I would like an arch’”.
Kahn wanted to make abstraction the foundation of Yale’s school artistic philosophy. 
He believed that “there is no extraordinary without the ordinary”.
He worked alongside Anne Tyng and came up with concepts such as “space frames”, tetraheda and octahedra spheres. This is when constructions changed over from “plane” to “space”, the birth of a new architecture.
“underneath the apparent chaos and randomness of structures and forms in contemporary life was an almost mystical simplicity” Sarah Williams Goldhagen (Louis Kahn’s Situated Modernism).
Kahn called the space frames “structures of hollow stones”.
They were functional and great because:
1) they were light: because of the material which is distributed spatially in a way that the load transfer mechanism is primarily axial.
2) they were simple prefabricated units put together (standard size and shape), easily transported and rapidly assembled on site. Thus, built at lower cost.
3) they were stiff: due to the 3D character, which allows flexible layout and positioning.
4) the versatility of shape and form: visual beauty and impressive simplicity of lines.


Foster 1963.
Norman Foster constructed London’s British Museum ceiling which is Europe’s largest covered square made of glass & steel. He worked with generic human experience alongside emerging technologies.

Shigeru Ban 1980s.
Ban worked with paper tubing structures, cardboard is a versatile material. Which is stronger, earthquake resistant, easy to disassemble and reassemble, affordable and reusable.
He was inspired by natural habitats, cocoons, beehives, spider nests, and weaver birds nest.

Lazerian group 2006.
Liam Hopkins focused on the creation of functional objects through playful investigation of materials and processes.

Philip Modest 2010.
Concept for a bikers hotel in Italy.

Natural habitats.
The perfection in nature which inspired the designers.

My experiments with cardboard.

What I am interested in is turning those structures into jewelry, so I had a look on triangles in jewelry.

I will post pictures of my triangle jewelry soon.

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